The resolution 2699 (2023) authorizing the Multinational Security Support Mission (MSSM) is a significant step toward protecting the Haitian population especially vulnerable groups from crimes, atrocities and gang’s violence, but effective operational mechanisms, key for its success, are yet to be defined

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Summary : the Resolution 2699 in nine points : i) With the adoption on resolution 2699 within the framework of the Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Security Council authorized the deployment of a « Multinational Security Support Mission » (MSM) in Haiti. The resolution appeared to implicitly apply the principle of the Responsibility to Protect to the Haitian situation. This principle, enshrined in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document, called upon the International Community to act in case of massive and widespread violation of human rights when state authorities are unable to fulfil their responsibility to protect their population from the perpetrators of crimes and violence. ii) As a non-UN mission, the (MSS) will be funded through voluntary contributions from states and regional organizations. iii) The initial duration of the MSSM is one year, with a first review of its mandate to be carried out in August 2024. iv) The Mission’s mandate is to support the national police in conducting (joint) operations against gangs; protecting key strategic areas, infrastructures, key intersections as well as schools and hospitals; and ensuring safe access to humanitarian aid for the population receiving assistance. v) In line with its chapter VII mandate he MSS is authorized to adopt, on exceptional basis, urgent temporary measures, including arrest and detention of violence perpetrators, to prevent the loss of life. In doing so, the mission is expected to strictly  adhere to international human rights law, with preventive mechanisms in place, particularly regarding sexual violence, child and women’s protection, etc. vi) States are obligated to prevent the supply, sale, or direct or indirect transfer of small arms and light weapons and their ammunition to Haiti. vii) The resolution also emphasizes the need for control over ports and borders to curb arms trafficking. viii) The resolution calls for all national and international stakeholders to contribute to the work of the MSS.  xi) On the political front, the resolution underscores the need for national stakeholders to forge a broadest possible consensus in cooperation with the CARICOM, and BINUH, good offices.